Vigorous Shaking Enhances Voltage and Power Generation in Polar Liquids due to Domain Formation as Predicted by QED

Authors: Poonam Bandyopadhyay1,2, Debbethi Bera1, Kaushik Das1, Biplab Kumar Paul1, Sukhen Das1,2, Durga Shankar Bhar1, Raj Kumar Manchanda3, Anil Kumar Khurana3, Debadatta Nayak3, Ruma Basu1, Papiya Nandy1*

2Department of Physics, Jadavpur University, 188 Raja S. C. Mallik Road, Kolkata-700 032, India

3Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, 61-65 Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi 110058, India

*Corresponding author:

Received January 2, 2017; Revised May 6, 2017; Accepted May 9, 2017; Published: August 19, 2017;
Available online: August 19, 2017

DOI: 10.14294/WATER.2017.2



Using a U-shaped glass tube where one arm contains bi-distilled water and the other arm ethyl alcohol (91%)  separated by a platinum foil, the generated voltage    across two platinum electrodes and a DC power of the order of nanoW were measured. The generated voltage lasted for many hours.   The magnitude of both the voltage and power generated increased with vigorous shaking of the alcohol.

Considering the absence of any significant quantity of ionic solutes in this system, voltage generation from two different polar liquids separated by a metal separator is an interesting phenomenon in the context of classical electrochemistry and seems to imply some kind of non-ionic conduction. A qualitative explanation of this phenomenon has been offered here based on the principle of Quantum Electrodynamics.

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