Domains Formation Mediated by Electromagnetic Fields in Very Dilute Aqueous Solutions: 1. Quantum Electrodynamic Aspects

Yinnon TA1*,  Liu ZQ2

1 K . Kalia, D.N. Kikar Jordan 90666, Israel

2 Department of Physics Qufu Normal University, Qufu, 273165, China

*Correspondence E-mail:

Key Words: Water aggregates; molecular associates; coherence domains; ferroelectric orderings; polar liquid solutions; aqueous solutions; quantum electrodynamics.

Received Jan 15th 2015; Revised June 4th; Accepted June 30th; Published Aug 10th; Available online Oct 25th, 2015

doi: 10.14294/WATER.2015.4



10-7 – 10-4 m sized molecular groupings in solutions are the foci of our research. The concentration of the solutions varies from 2 M to 10-20 M. The solutions are prepared by serial dilutions of a stock solution with polar solvents (e.g., water) and vigorous shaking after each dilution step. Light scattering, dielectric permittivity, electric conductivity, pH and others measurements, reported in previous publications, evidenced: (i) electromagnetic fields mediate formation of the groupings; (ii) the impact of the groupings on some of the solutions’ physicochemical properties (e.g., electric conductivity) is correlated with their bioactivity. The aim of our current research is analyzing experimental data pertaining to the groupings’ characteristics and confirming that these agree with those predicted by quantum electrodynamics (QED). Towards this aim, in the current paper we provide a concise overview of recently derived predictions of QED relevant to molecular groupings in solutions. We also cite publications presenting experimental data verifying some of these predictions. In the two following papers in this journal’s issue, we employ QED for analyzing recent published experimental data pertaining to groupings in solutions of, respectively, strong electrolytes and other solutes (weak electrolytes, non-electrolytes).

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