Aqueous Solutions and other Polar Liquids Perturbed by Serial Dilutions and Vigorous Shaking: Analyses of Their UV Spectra

Yinnon, TA 1,2*

1K. Kalia, D.N. Kikar Jordan 90666, Israel

2Reedmace Lake, Enot Tsukim Nature Reserve at Kalia, Israel.

*Correspondence E-mail:

Keywords: Very dilute aqueous solutions; serially diluted solutions; ultraviolet spectra; water molecule aggregates; ferroelectric orderings; polar liquids.

Received:  January 12, 2018; Revised: July 14, 2018; Accepted: July 18, 2018; Published: September 29, 2018; Available Online: September 29, 2018

DOI: 10.14294/WATER.2018.5



Aqueous solutions and other polar liquids, perturbed by serial dilutions and vigorous shaking, have properties which are of importance for toxicology, medicine and wastewater treatment. Extensive research has shown that for serially diluted polar liquids, e.g., water, alcohol and their solutions, vigorous shaking after each dilution step may alter their structure, physicochemical characteristics and bioactivity. The alterations may occur when the concentrations of the liquids drop below a solute dependent threshold concentration. Typically, the threshold concentrations are in the 10-6 – 10-10 mol / liter range. In the current study, the ultraviolet absorption and emission spectra of such liquids are analyzed. The analyses are carried out within the context of quantum electrodynamics (QED). The analyses show that the spectra can be consistently explained by the QED model for serially diluted vigorously shaken polar liquids, developed by Yinnon and Yinnon [Int J Mod Phys B 25:3707-3743 (2011)].

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