pdf_iconCollective Molecular Dynamics of a Floating Water Bridge

Del Giudice, E1; Fuchs, E C2,*; Vitiello, G3

1 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Milano, Milano – 20133 Italy and IIB, Neuss, Germany
2 Wetsus, Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Agora 1, 8900 CC Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
3 Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica and INFN, Università di Salerno, Fisciano (SA) – 84084 Italy
* Correspondence: Tel.: +31 (0) 58 284 3162; E-mail: elmar.fuchs@wetsus.nl
Key Words: floating water bridge, quantum electrodynamics, quantum field theory
PACS: 61.20.Gy, 47.57.jd, 47.65.Gx

Received 5 May 2010; revised 18 July; accepted 19 July. Published 30 July 2010; amended online 15 August 2010

doi:  10.14294/WATER.2010.5



When a high voltage is applied to pure water filling two beakers kept close to each other, a connection forms spontaneously, giving the impression of a floating water bridge. This phenomenon is of special interest, since it comprises a number of phenomena currently tackled in modern water science. The formation and the main properties of this floating water bridge are analyzed in the conceptual framework of quantum electrodynamics. The necessary conditions for the formation are investigated as well as the time evolution of the dynamics. The predictions are found in agreement with the observations.

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