Domains Formation Mediated by Electromagnetic Fields in Very Dilute Aqueous Solutions: 2. Quantum Electrodynamic Analyses of Experimental Data on Strong Electrolyte Solutions
Yinnon TA1*, Liu ZQ2
1 K. Kalia, D.N. Kikar Jordan 90666, Israel
2 Department of Physics Qufu Normal University, Qufu, 273165, China
*Correspondence E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key Words: Water aggregates; molecular associates; domains; ferroelectric orderings; polar liquid solutions; ultra dilute solutions; serial diluted solutions; strong electrolyte solutions.
Received Jan 15th 2015; Revised June 4th; Accepted June 30th; Published Sep 15th; Available online Oct 27th, 2015
(This is the second part of a three-part series.)
Molecular associates in aqueous solutions of strong electrolytes are analyzed. The solutions’ concentrations (C) were in the range of 2 – 10-20 M. Preparation of the solutions involved serial dilutions of a stock solution and vigorous shaking after each dilution step. Electromagnetic fields were observed to mediate formation of some associate types. Screening ambient electromagnetic fields by placing the solutions in Permalloy containers destroyed these associates. Therefore we carry out our analyses with a model explicitly describing electrodynamic interactions. Our analyses show: (i) The 10-7 – 10-4 m sized associates observed by light scattering, atomic force microscopy and other techniques, have the typical characteristics predicted by the model. (ii) Electromagnetic fields mediate formation of: (a) 10-5 – 10-4 m sized associates mainly composed of ferroelectric ordered water molecules, present at solute dependent C ranges (typically C<10-7 M); (b) 10-7 m sized associates composed of electronically excited water molecules. (iii) The prerequisites of serial dilutions and vigorous shaking for stabilizing associates at C<10-7 M are clarified.